What was the Religious Settlement? When Elizabeth had come to the throne in 1558 she sought a ‘middle way’ between Catholics and Protestants. To ensure this the Elizabethan Religious Settlement of 1559 was deliberately vague and gave little mention of liturgy (the way religion should be practised).
How did Elizabeth solve the problem of religion?
The Act of Uniformity of 1559 set out the groundwork for the Elizabethan church. It restored the 1552 version of the English Prayer Book but kept many of the familiar old practices and allowed for two interpretations of communion, one Catholic and one Protestant.
Why did Elizabeth I try and find a middle way between Catholics and Protestants?
At first, Elizabeth I attempted to forge a ‘middle way’ for religion in England. She wanted to create an inclusive Protestant Church that allowed her to be in a position of authority, while enabling former Catholics to feel that they could follow the new approach to religious worship.
How successfully did Elizabeth I deal with the country’s religious problems during her reign?
To please the Catholics, Elizabeth proclaimed herself as the ‘Governor’, which meant the Catholics would still look up to the Pope as the ‘Head of Church’. She did not persecute strict Catholics for not going to church, but fined them for staying at home. She also kept some aspects of old Catholic churches.
How successful was Elizabeth’s religious policy?
The Act of Uniformity
Elizabeth’s tolerant approach seemed to have worked on the whole, but it did not keep everyone happy and she faced numerous threats. Opposition came not only from Catholics, but also from more extreme Protestants, known as Puritans , who objected to any compromise with Catholic ideas.
How did Elizabeth please the Catholics?
Her formula was simple – if the Catholics were loyal to the Queen and discreet in their worship, she would tolerate them. However, Bishops had been instructed to remove all forms of Catholic practices as witnessed in services by clergy.
How did Elizabeth create the middle way?
Elizabeth may have wanted a Middle Way in religion, but people who did not follow it were punished. Some extreme Protestants (called Puritans) wanted to get rid of bishops and special robes for priests. Elizabeth put them in prison. At the same time, Catholics who did not go to church (recusants) were fined.
When did Elizabeth ban mass?
Attendance at mass was to be punished by a fine of 100 marks, but the saying of mass, or arranging for it to be said, carried the death penalty, although Elizabeth ensured that this was never implemented before 1577 as she disliked such extremism.
Was religion the most significant threat Elizabeth faced?
Religion was the most serious problem facing Elizabeth in 1558. It was important that Elizabeth picked the right religion, if she didn’t it could lead to an even bigger divide in England. It could lead to rebellions and maybe even a civil war.
How did Catholics react to Elizabeth’s religious settlement?
‘ Elizabeth feared that this conflict would spread to England. Catholics had not accepted Henry VIII’s divorce and many refused to belief that Elizabeth was the rightful heir. Many Catholics wanted Elizabeth’s cousin Mary Queen of scots to take the throne as she was a committed Catholic.
Who did Catholics want to replace Elizabeth?
They had Elizabeth’s cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots as a figurehead who could replace Elizabeth. By replacing Elizabeth as Queen, Mary would be able to restore Catholicism, return the Earls to a position of influence and marry another Catholic to ensure the safety of Catholicism in England.
What were 2 features of Elizabeth’s religious settlement?
The Elizabethan Religious Settlement was contained in two acts – the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Uniformity.
Is Queen Elizabeth head of the church?
The Supreme Governor of the Church of England is the titular head of the Church of England, a position which is vested in the British monarch.
|Supreme Governor of the Church of England|
|Flag of England and the Church of England|
|Incumbent Elizabeth II since 6 February 1952|
|Church of England|