Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. Beginning in 1846, thousands of Mormons traversed a route that would later be called the Mormon Trail. Following existing pioneer trails through Iowa, the group established winter quarters in Omaha, Nebraska.
How did the Mormon Trail start?
The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants.
Who blazed the Mormon Trail?
In 1846 the trail essentially was blazed by the Donner-Reed party to what is now known as Donner Hill near the mouth of Emigration Canyon. The Mormons of 1847 actually blazed only about one mile of the entire trail from Nauvoo to Salt Lake City–the remaining mile from Donner Hill into the valley.
Who first led settlers paving the Mormon Trail?
In August 1856, in Florence, Nebraska Territory, two emigrant companies of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints—the Mormons—nearly 1,100 people led by Capt. James Willie and Capt. Edward Martin, left the Missouri River to start a late-season crossing of the plains.
Where did Mormon Trail begin and end?
Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. This journey for these immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois, and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah.
What town did Mormonism start?
The early church grew westward as Smith sent missionaries to proselytize. In 1831, the church moved to Kirtland, Ohio where missionaries had made a large number of converts and Smith began establishing an outpost in Jackson County, Missouri, where he planned to eventually build the city of Zion (or the New Jerusalem).
Who led the Mormon pioneers to Utah?
After 17 months and many miles of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 pioneers into Utah’s Valley of the Great Salt Lake.
How many people died in the Mormon Trail?
Bashore worked with a team of actuarial scientists at Brigham Young University to analyze 56,000 pioneer records from 1847-1868. Of these 56,000, there were an estimated 1,900 people who died either on the plains or within the calendar year of their arrival.
What tribes were on the Mormon Trail?
TRAIL BASICS – INDIANS
Sioux, Shoshone, Kiowa, Crow, Ute, Paiute, were some of the various tribes that an emigrant train might encounter. Many of the depredations done by Shoshone Indians were on the stretch between Soda Springs/Ft. Hall and Snake River where it runs through what is now southern Idaho.
Who became the leader of the Mormons after Joseph Smith was killed?
After Joseph Smith, the founder and prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Mormonism, and his brother, Hyrum, were murdered by an angry mob in an Illinois prison six weeks earlier, Elder Brigham Young is chosen to be the Church’s next leader.
Why did the Mormons pick Utah to settle?
The Mormons, as they were commonly known, had moved west to escape religious discrimination. After the murder of founder and prophet Joseph Smith, they knew they had to leave their old settlement in Illinois. Many Mormons died in the cold, harsh winter months as they made their way over the Rocky Mountains to Utah.
When did Mormon pioneers first reach Utah?
Completing a treacherous thousand-mile exodus, an ill and exhausted Brigham Young and fellow members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints arrived in Utah’s Great Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. The Mormon pioneers viewed their arrival as the founding of a Mormon homeland, hence Pioneer Day.
Why did the Mormon pioneers want to leave Nauvoo?
Fleeing from years of violent persecution by non-Mormons, the Mormons set up the city of Nauvoo under the aegis of their prophet, Joseph Smith, the founder and first prophet of the Church. … Shortly after, under new leadership and duress, the Mormons left Nauvoo for a new home in the West.
When was the Mormon Trail established?
Determined to spread Christianity to American Indians on the frontier, doctor and Protestant missionary Marcus Whitman set out on horseback from the Northeast in 1835 to prove that the westward trail to Oregon could be traversed safely and further than ever before.
Why is the Mormon Trail important?
Uniqueness. The Mormon Trail is perhaps the American trek of most historical significance, as it resulted in the opening up of continental United States. Major cities in America attribute their origin to this 19th-century trek, such as Salt Lake City.